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The book of Exodus is commonly refered to as a narrative
(Brown et al., 1989, 1992; Browning, 1996; Espin & Nickoloff, 2007; Keck, 1994). However, Espin and Nickoloff (2007) go further to describe the genre as 'Story', "an account of the interactions of characters, events, and settings that form a plot." (p.936) Brown et al. (1989, 1992) also states it to be a story and 'Etiology', "A narrative that provides an explanation for a certain name or situation. The etiology can be word play or a narrative that explains an event." (Brown et al. 1989, p. 5) These statements clearly explain why the Book of Exodus is discribed as a narrative.

The Book of Exodus tells the reader a story about ancient history, the journey of the Exodus and events surrounding this. "This is a narrative with a plot that arouses interest by creating a tension and solving it. It may supply historical knowledge, but with a certain amount of freedom or it may be oriented simply for entertainment..." (Brown et al., 1989, p. 6, 1992) One of the main aims of Biblical narratives is to, "...demonstrate the power of God to punish or to reward his people..." (Browning, 1996, p. 127) This gives the reader a sense of how important the Biblical scriptures are.

Overall, whether it is a Bible story or not, Espin and Nickoloff (2007) simply state, "Any work of literature that tells a story is a narrative. Every narrative communicates a story in a particular way." (p. 936)